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Copyright and CC Licenses

When you are uploading an item to the repository, you will be asked to select a license.  Below are the options and a brief explanation of the use.

Most of the licenses below are Creative Commons (CC) licenses.  You can learn more about Creative Commons Licenses on their website:    You also have the ability to select In Copyright.   See below for details.

CC-BY (figures, media, posters, papers, filesets)

  • By licensing your research outputs under CC-BY, figshare ensures that your research is openly available, but requires that others should give you credit, in the form of a citation, should they use or refer to the research object. This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.

CC0 (Metadata only & datasets)

  • CC0 can be particularly important for the sharing of metadata only, data and databases, since it otherwise may be unclear whether highly factual data and databases are restricted by copyright or other rights. Databases may contain facts that, in and of themselves, are not protected by copyright law. CC0 is recommended for data and databases and is used by hundreds of organizations. It is especially recommended for scientific data. Although CC0 doesn’t legally require users of the data to cite the source, it does not take away the moral responsibility to give attribution, as is common in scientific research.

CC BY-SA (Attribution-ShareAlike)

  • This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This license is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.

CC BY-ND (Attribution-NoDerivatives)

  • This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.

CC BY-NC (Attribution-NonCommercial)

  • This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

CC BY-NC-SA (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike)

  • This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.

CC BY-NC-ND (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)

  • This license is the most restrictive of the six licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.

In Copyright

  • You might need to select "In Copyright" if you are depositing a version of a publication where you have signed over copyright to the publisher but the publisher still permits a version to be submitted the Institutional Repository.
  • You might also select "In Copyright" if you the author/ copyright owner intend to retain all copyrights and not assign a CC license.
  • An individual who examines your submission in INDIGO will see a message that the Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights and that they would be free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to their use. For other uses they will be informed they need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).