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Education : Grey Literature

Grey Literature

"In general, grey literature publications are non-conventional, fugitive, and sometimes ephemeral publications. They may include, but are not limited to the following types of materials: reports (pre-prints, preliminary progress and advanced reports, technical reports, statistical reports, memoranda, state-of-the art reports, market research reports, etc.), theses, conference proceedings, technical specifications and standards, non-commercial translations, bibliographies, technical and commercial documentation, and official documents not published commercially (primarily government reports and documents) (Alberani, 1990)."  --From

Where to find it: Consider looking at white papers, policy statements, and more from the websites of government (CDC,, etc.) or professional organizations (AMIA, AHIMA, AMI, AOTA, APTA, etc.). Sometimes companies will publish grey literature in the form of white papers or market research.

Types of Grey Literature

GreyNet International 1992-2017 provides an in-depth list of types of grey literature.


Explanation of Grey Literature: Video from Western University

This video from Western University provides an overview of grey literature. Please contact the UIC library with questions.

Examples of Grey Literature

Grey Lit Wordles

Purdue OWL: Citing Electronic Resources in APA Style

Search for Grey Literature

Policy Briefs

Guidance and examples for writing policy briefs.

Education Policy Grey Literature Sources